Your words matter more than you know. ~A Snicker of Magic by Natalie Lloyd
How can I engage my students more with this scripted curriculum I am expected to teach?
Should I choose partners for the kids or let them choose for themselves?
How can I make sure all students are contributing to group work?
How can I involve more students in our whole-class discussions?
How can I engage those students who “only put forth the effort if they’re interested”?
How can the class know the thoughts of those who don’t speak in class?
How can we ALL share ideas in order to learn from each other?
How can students learn to use more precise language when talking with each other?
How can I provide time for students to do most of the talking in class?
How can we encourage everyone to contribute so I am not the “sage on the stage,” and I am instead the “guide on the side”?
Paul Bogush's Explanation - tinyurl.com/ShiftFishbowl
Paul's Fishbowl Rules
Academic Language Scripts
Fishbowl Discussion Phrases
Fishbowl Response Starter Hints
Fishbowl Participation Feedback
Random Pairs or Groups?
"Getting to Know You" Cards
Harkness Method at Avenues (Video)
How to Harkness: Strategies and Advice
Phillips Exeter Academy
Teaching by the Harkness Method
Reflection & Call to Action
A Look At The Harkness Method Of Teaching: www.schoolnetuganda.com/study-tips/a-look-at-the-harkness-method-of-teaching/
Gallagher, K. (2015) In the Best Interest of Students: Staying true to what works in the ELA classroom. Portland, ME, Stenhouse.
Gonzalez, J. (October 15, 2015) The Big List of Class Discussion Strategies. www.cultofpedagogy.com/speaking-listening-techniques/
Holland, B. (June 10, 2014) The Backchannel: Giving Every Student a Voice in the Blended Mobile Classroom: www.edutopia.org/blog/backchannel-student-voice-blended-classroom-beth-holland
Maiers, A. & Sandvold, A. (2011) The Passion-Driven Classroom: A Framework for teaching & learning. Larchmont, NY: Eye on Education
November, A. (2012). Who owns the learning? Preparing students for success in the digital age. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press.
More Further Reading...
8 Ways Teachers Can Talk Less and Get Kids Talking More
The Big List of Class Discussion Strategies by Jennifer Gonzalez
Grand Conversations from Ontario
Spider Web Discussions via Michael Matera, from Alexis Wiggins
The Three-Step System for Getting Students to Do the Talking
by AJ Juliani
Thoughts, Lingering Questions, or Epiphanies (TQEs)
by Marisa E. Thompson
Tool for Shame or Path to Growth? How Teachers Can Do "Cold Calling" Right by Gerard Dawson
Consider recording a lesson (or a day). How much of the day do YOU speak, versus how much of the day do CHILDREN speak? What do you think of that number? If it is not acceptable for you, what could you incorporate tomorrow to help your students speak more in class?
What discussions about content could students in your class have?
What type of choice could you provide students when it comes to discussions?
How will you get more students involved in your next class discussion? Consider low-risk speaking activities. How can you include student interest to engage those students who do not participate?
How will you make your class discussions more authentic - more like "real life"? School IS real life - how can you step away from the “teacher questions & student responds” type of teaching?
Which method do you think best fits your next unit?